Daily Encouragement

July 31 – Hezekiah’s Good Start

July 31
2 Chronicles 29:1-36
Romans 14:1-23
Psalm 24:1-10
Proverbs 20:12

2 Chronicles 29:3 – A good way to start on the very first month of his reign.

  • Repairing the LORD’s house (2 Chronicles 29:3)
  • Recalling the Levite’s responsibility (2 Chronicles 29:5)
  • Repenting for fathers’ sins (2 Chronicles 29:6)
  • Recognizing God’s wrath (2 Chronicles 29:9)
  • Restoring Israel’s covenant (2 Chronicles 29:10)
  • Rallying the city’s rulers (2 Chronicles 29:20)
  • Rendering the lambs’ blood (2 Chronicles 29:22)
  • Rejoicing in Asaph’s songs (2 Chronicles 29:30)
  • Receiving the people’s offerings (2 Chronicles 29:31)

Romans 14:3 – Paul is repealing virtually all of Kashrut – the Jewish dietary laws. The prohibitions against eating blood are still maintained (Acts 15:29). He goes on to repeal the festivals and Sabbath (Romans 14:5). Notice Paul did not reiterate the 4th Commandment in Romans 13:9.

Romans 14:10 – The Judgment Seat of Christ is introduced for the first time here. Erwin Lutzer is “amazed at the number of people who don’t realize that the Bible teaches that we shall all, as Christians, “stand before the judgment seat of Jesus Christ to give an account.” John MacArthur shows it will be an evaluation of our lives. Piper reminds us “Salvation is owned by faith. Salvation is shown by deeds.” Keathley has an in-depth discussion of the doctrine of rewards. Adrian Rogers points out:

First, God will be judging both the saved and the sinners.

Next, God judges the saved as sons and daughters.

Then God judges the saved as servants.

Psalm 24:7 – The Prussian hymnwriter Georg Weissel draws from this verse when he composed the hymn, “Lift up your heads, O ye gates.

Proverbs 20:12 – From the Pulpit Commentary:

This apothegm, which seems to be nothing but a trite truism, brings to notice many important consequences. First, there is the result noted in Psalm 94:9, “He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? He that formed the eye, shall he not see?” Hence we learn the sleepless providence of God.

Share how reading thru the Bible has been a blessing to you! E-mail us at 2018bible@vcyamerica.org or call and leave a message at 414-885-5370.

Daily Encouragement

July 30 – Army sizes in the Bible

July 30
2 Chronicles 26:1-28:27
Romans 13:1-14
Psalm 23:1-6
Proverbs 20:11

2 Chronicles 26:3 – Uzziah’s 52 years was just 3 years shorter than Manasseh (2 Chronicles 33:1), but in contrast to Manasseh’s evil (2 Chronicles 33:2), Uzziah did right (2 Chronicles 26:4).

2 Chronicles 26:13 – The 307,500 man army sounds impressive – discounting even today’s standards (U.S. has 2,092,900 active + reserves) – but let’s see how this weighs against other counts we have (keep in mind some are standing armies – ready to fight / reserves – census count, able to draft / expeditionary forces – soldiers in a moving army on a campaign):

  • 1,600,000 – David (Israel + Judah-Levi-Benjamin) / c. 950 BC – 2 Samuel 24:9, 1 Chronicles 21:5 {see explanation at DefendingInerrancy)
  • 1,160,000 – Jehoshaphat (Judah + Benjamin / c. 850 BC – 2 Chronicles 17:14-18)
  • 1,000,000 – Zerah (Ethiopia / c. 901 BC – 2 Chronicles 14:8)
  • 800,000 – Jeroboam (Israel / c. 912 BC – 2 Chronicles 13:3)
  • 603,550 – Moses (Israel / c. 1445 BC – Exodus 38:26, Numbers 1:46, Numbers 2:32)
  • 601,730 – Moses (Israel / c. 1407 BC – Numbers 26:51)
  • 600,000 – Moses (Israel / c. 1446 BC – Exodus 12:37)
  • 580,000 – Asa (Judah+Benjamin / c. 901 BC – 2 Chronicles 14:8)
  • 400,000 – Abijah (Judah / c. 912 BC – 2 Chronicles 13:3)
  • 400,000 – Judges (Israel-Benjamin / c.  – Judges 20:2, Judges 20:17)
  • 330,000 – Saul (Israel + Judah / c. 1050 BC – 1 Samuel 11:8)
  • >320,000 – Ahaz (Judah / c. 725 BC – 2 Chronicles 28:6-8)
  • 307,500 – Uzziah (Judah / c. 768 BC – 2 Chronicles 26:13)
  • 300,000 – Amaziah (Judah / c. 795 BC – 2 Chronicles 25:5)
  • 210,000 – Saul (Israel + Judah / c. 1040 BC – 1 Samuel 15:4)
  • 185,000 – Sennacherib/Rabshekah’s Expeditionary Force (Assyria / c. 701 BC – 2 Kings 19:35)
  • 180,000 – Rehoboam (Judah+Benjamin / c. 930 BC – 1 Kings 12:21)
  • 42,360 – Zerubbabel – (Exiles / c. 516 BC – Ezra 2:64)

Uzziah’s army was fairly small historically speaking – but depending on the strength of surrounding kings – it was significant and it was supplied (2 Chronicles 26:14) and they had artillery (2 Chronicles 26:15). Then things went bad (2 Chronicles 26:16).

2 Chronicles 27:2 – Obedient kings were tough to find. Here’s a start of a chart comparing their general practice (if you have a better one let me know). This is not a fully precise chart – analyzing Uzziah’s sin of entering the temple shows a specific practice.

  • Worst – Burnt children (1st Command / 6th Command)
    • Judah: Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28:1-2)
    • Judah: Manasseh (2 Chronicles 33:6)
  • Worse – Sins of Ahab (Baal / 1st Command)
    • Israel: Ahab (1 Kings 16:31)
    • Judah: Manasseh (2 Kings 21:3)
  • Bad – Sins of Jeroboam (Golden Calf / 2nd Commmand / 1 Kings 12:26-30)
    • Israel: Jehoram (2 Kings 3:3).
    • Israel: Pekah (2 Kings 15:28)
  • Good – Solomonic Temple, but left sodomites, high places
    • Judah: Solomon (1 Kings 11:7) – built high places
    • Judah: Asa (1 Kings 15:14)
  • Good – Solomonic Temple, removed sodomites, but left highplaces,
    • Judah: Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:43, 1 Kings 22:46)
  • Better – Solomonic Temple, removed highplaces
    • Judah: Hezekiah (2 Kings 18:4)
    • Judah: Josiah (2 Kings 23:8)

2 Chronicles 27:6 – A king that could be trusted with success, as opposed to Uzaah (2 Chronicles 26:16).

2 Chronicles 28:9-13 – Remember that LORD is the name Jehovah/Yahweh – the specific personal name for the God of Israel. So why should Israel that had been so disobedient to the LORD listen to a prophet of the LORD (2 Chronicles 28:9), speak in the name of the LORD (2 Chronicles 28:9), about sins against the LORD (2 Chronicles 28:10), resulting in the wrath of the LORD (2 Chronicles 28:11), resulting in conviction among the leaders (2 Chronicles 28:13)? Because Pekah, the ruler at this time (2 Chronicles 28:6), like most of Israel’s leaders was “Bad” not “Worse/Worst.” While they violated the 2nd Commandment by building the Golden Calf for the worship of the LORD in a city other than Jerusalem, they kept the 1st Commandment. Only a few kings (Ahab, Ahaz, Manasseh) actively promoted the worship of Baal over the LORD. The rest pulled an Aaron and declared a feast to the LORD (Exodus 32:5) to dedicate the molten calf (Exodus 32:4) as the god who brought Israel out of Egypt (Exodus 32:4). This was a direct violation of the 2nd commandment – not “another god” but “the God” in the wrong way (see Nadab & Abihu – Numbers 3:4).

2 Chronicles 28:23 – Everything is easier than repenting and following the LORD.

Romans 13:1 – The man who has called upon the name of the LORD (Romans 10:13), has a changed form (Romans 12:1), and has a relationship with government that reflects submission.

Romans 13:9 – Are we free from the law in the age of grace? Has the freedom to eat Bacon extended to freedom to do whatever? No – Commandments 7, 6, 8, 9, and 10 – the entire second half of the law is directly restated and summarized (and given enforcement power (Romans 13:4)).

Psalm 23:1 – Some comments on Psalm 23 from D.L. Moody’s Bibles:

And from our good friend Patch the Pirate (very close to word perfect KJV)

Proverbs 20:11 – Reputations start early. What’s yours?

Share how reading thru the Bible has been a blessing to you! E-mail us at 2018bible@vcyamerica.org or call and leave a message at 414-885-5370.