Daily Encouragement

July 21 – The Glory of the LORD has returned!

July 21
2 Chronicles 4:1-6:11
Romans 7:1-13
Psalm 17:1-15
Proverbs 19:22-23

2 Chronicles 5:3 – Notice they assembled for a feast – there are times where it is appropriate to celebrate and not to fast (Mark 2:19). Even though we have incredibly detailed records of other items, we cannot number the amount of sacrifices that were made to celebrate this building to glorify the LORD.

2 Chronicles 5:10 – What was within the Ark that was so holy that it killed Uzzah (2 Samuel 6:7), and the seventy of Beth-shemesh who looked in the ark (1 Samuel 6:19)? The two tables of the Mosaic Covenant containing the Ten Commandments written with the finger of God. The physical mark of the divine covenant with a designated human response.

2 Chronicles 5:14 – The glory of the LORD had returned! This is the first time the glory had been observed in roughly 450 years. Interestingly during the Exodus 5 of the 8 times the Glory of the LORD appeared was in conjunction with the wrath of God against the murmuring of Israel, while the other 3 times were in coordination with the explanation of the tabernacle, the dedication of the tabernacle, and the first use of the tabernacle.

  • In the cloud, at the introduction of manna in the wilderness (Exodus 16:10) following the murmuring of Israel (Exodus 16:2)
  • Atop Mount Sinai, at the explanation of the tabernacle to Moses (Exodus 24:17)
  • In the Tabernacle, at the dedication of the tabernacle (Exodus 40:35)
  • In the Tabernacle, at the first burnt offering (Leviticus 9:23)
  • In the Tabernacle, after the spies returned and the Israelites wanted to stone Moses, Aaron, Joshua, and Caleb (Numbers 14:10)
  • At the door of the Tabernacle, during Korah’s rebellion (Numbers 16:19) before the earth swallowed Korah and the fire consumed 250 (Numbers 16:32, Numbers 16:35)
  • In the Tabernacle, when Israelites murmured against Moses and Aaron for killing Korah (Numbers 16:42) before 14,700 died (Numbers 16:49)
  • At the door of the Tabernacle (Numbers 20:6) when the Israelites murmured (Numbers 20:1) before God told Moses to speak to the Rock (Numbers 20:8)

Now we see the glory of the LORD (1 Kings 8:11, 2 Chronicles 5:14) at the start of the dedication as well as the end (2 Chronicles 7:1-3).

What do we know about the Glory of the LORD? It endures forever (Psalm 104:31), and it is great (Psalm 138:5). Distant lands will see it (Isaiah 35:2). All flesh shall see it (Isaiah 40:5). It is the rereward (KJV) – meaning our rear guard (Isaiah 58:8). It will arise (Isaiah 60:1) and bring the Gentiles to its light. It made Ezekiel fall on his face (Ezekiel 1:28, Ezekiel 3:23). But it had left the Temple (Ezekiel 10:4, Ezekiel 10:8) and went to the Mount of Olives (Ezekiel 11:23).

The Chronicler is with the Exiles who had returned, and had read in Ezekiel’s prophecies that the Glory was gone. But it had been there on Mount Moriah 500 years ago, and about a hundred years before the Chronicles, the glory went from Mount Moriah to the Mount of Olives. But the Glory of the LORD would return! It would appear less than 500 years later to those who prepared some special things for Mount Moriah, as the Glory of the LORD would return to Mount Moriah, and once again go to the Mount of Olives. Now 2000 years after that, we behold that same glory (2 Corinthians 3:18)!

2 Chronicles 6:6 – Chronicles points out a word of the LORD that was not recorded in Kings – God’s declaration to David that He had chosen Jerusalem. Other references to his choosing Jerusalem fill the historical books, but records of the LORD communicating to Solomon (1 Kings 11:13), and Jeroboam (1 Kings 11:32, 1 Kings 11:36) – yet Jeroboam rejected that message that was doubly communicated to him in favor of evil counsel (1 Kings 12:28), and made the people to sin (1 Kings 12:30).

Romans 7:12 – Yes, those two tablets contained within the Ark of the Covenant that we read about (2 Chronicles 5:10) are not sin (Romans 7:7) but the way to life (Romans 7:10), and holy (Romans 7:12). But no one can keep the holy law, so it was found to be death (Romans 7:10).But now that we are dead to the death of the law (Romans 7:4) and married to Christ, we can bring forth fruit!

Psalm 17:3 – When we are right with the LORD, following His way with His power, we have His salvation (Psalm 17:7). We are kept as the apple of His eye, under the shadow of His wings (Psalm 17:8).

Psalm 17:15 – We shall not just behold the glory of the LORD, we will awake “with thy likeness.”  What does this mean? Check 1 Corinthians 2:9.

Proverbs 19:23 – The Fear of the LORD is the way of the life, that leads us to seeing the Glory of the LORD. It protects (as we read about in Psalm 17:9).

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Daily Encouragement

July 20 – God’s Special Gift to Solomon

July 20
2 Chronicles 1:1-3:17
Romans 6:1-23
Psalm 16:1-11
Proverbs 19:20-21

2 Chronicles 1:1 – The break in the Chronicler’s account transitions between David the recipient of the eternal covenant, and Solomon the builder of the house for the name of the LORD. Adonijah’s attempted insurrection isn’t the focus here (1 Kings 1) – rather the beginnings of God’s relationship with the Kingdom of Israel.

2 Chronicles 2:5 –  Solomon organized a crew of 150,000 plus workers to build this great house for God, because God is great. Let’s not have the world ridicule our second-rate efforts for God, let’s give Him our best in all that we do – but make sure that we have the right theology as well (see 2 Chronicles 2:6).

2 Chronicles 3:7 – 12 times in our passage today we find the word “gold.” The ancient rabbis taught:

He who has not seen the Temple in its full construction has never seen a glorious building in his life.

You may not have gold to give to the LORD but do you have hours, skills, or dollars that can be used to serve Him?

What did the inner Ark area look like?

Romans 6:1 – Those that confuse the age of Grace with the age of No Rules ask this question that provokes a stern response from Paul (and repeated in Romans 6:15). We are new creatures freed from sin (Romans 6:7). What’s our attitude to sin?

  • dead to sin (Romans 6:2)
  • we should not serve sin (Romans 6:6)
  • freed from sin (Romans 6:7)
  • dead indeed unto sin (Romans 6:11)
  • Let not sin therefore reign (Romans 6:12)
  • Neither yield ye your members unto sin (Romans 6:13)
  • Sin shall not have dominion over you (Romans 6:14)
  • made free from sin (Romans 6:18)
  • made free from sin (Romans 6:22)

Paul has a point – if you’re a follower of Christ – stop sinning and start serving the LORD!

Psalm 16:8 – Just like Paul says – if we are followers of the LORD – we don’t have to be moved. We are free from sin and from its power!

Psalm 16:10 – While the Old Testament doesn’t tell us who wrote this Psalm, Peter declares in Acts 2:25, Acts 2:29-31, and Acts 13:36 the Davidic authorship of this Psalm. David must have wondered what the Spirit was telling him (1 Peter 1:11) of the sufferings of the Holy One?

Psalm 16:11 – Hebrews 11:25 says that sin has pleasures for a season, but this is the first time since Elihu spoke to Job that we are told how we can have pleasure!

  • Job 36:11 – Obey and Serve Him
  • Psalm 16:11 – Thy right hand
  • Psalm 36:8 – The LORD’s River
  • 2 Corinthians 12:10 – in infirmities, reproaches, necessities, persecutions, and distresses!

We can have pleasure, but remember we are to

  • not love pleasure (Proverbs 21:17)
  • not be given to pleasure (Isaiah 47:8)
  • be careful of whom we have pleasure with (Ezekiel 16:37)
  • not be choked with pleasures (Luke 8:14)
  • be careful of what we have pleasure in (Romans 1:32)
  • not have pleasure in unrighteousness (2 Thessalonians 2:12)
  • not love pleasure more than God (2 Timothy 3:4)
  • serve divers pleasures (Titus 3:3)
  • not enjoy the pleasures of sin (Hebrews 11:25)

Proverbs 19:20 – Why do we have an entire book of counsel, instruction, and wisdom? Because it was given by God to Solomon and is a special gift (2 Chronicles 1:12).

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Daily Encouragement

July 19 – Preparing for the Temple!

July 19
1 Chronicles 28:1-29:30
Romans 5:6-21
Psalm 15:1-5
Proverbs 19:18-19

1 Chronicles 28:2 – Notice that David was building a house for the ark of the covenant of the LORD, but not a house for the LORD. He was building a footstool for the LORD! This is the first use of the word footstool in the Bible, but Isaiah would emphasize this in Isaiah 66:1 – the entire earth is His footstool, and Solomon will recognize that it is impossible to build an house for the LORD (2 Chronicles 2:6)!

1 Chronicles 28:5 – Notice also that the LORD forgave his adulterous relationship with Bathsheba by blessing David thru his son Solomon. Yes there were painful consequences, but God alone works all things together for good (Romans 8:28).

1 Chronicles 28:8 – 73 times in the Bible it talks about keeping the Commandments. Especially as 200+ commandments apply to the Temple, this dedication of the preparation for the temple occurs near the middle of the Chronicler’s work, to remind those 500 years later that their temple that they built is part of God’s eternal covenant with David (1 Chronicles 28:4, 1 Chronicles 28:7-8).

1 Chronicles 28:12 – From Gill: The pattern was given (reiterated in 1 Chronicles 28:19) “By the Spirit of God, who gave him the whole form of the temple, and all things relative to it; just as God showed to Moses the pattern of the tabernacle in the mount; ” (Exodus 25:9, Exodus 25:40, Exodus 26:30, Exodus 27:8), because they were a copy of the heavenly sanctuary (Hebrews 8:5). 500 years later, the people the Chronicler were writing to had a rebuilt temple after the teaching of Moses (Ezra 3:2) – different in substance yet of the same pattern.

1 Chronicles 29:11 – From Scott LaGraff, an operatic performance of this verse:

Romans 5:6 – How great is Christ?

  • He died for the ungodly (Romans 5:6)
  • He died for sinners (Romans 5:8)
  • He died for enemies (Romans 5:10)
  • He saved us from wrath (Romans 5:9)
  • He gave us righteousness (Romans 5:17)
  • He offers all justification (Romans 5:18)
  • He makes grace reign (Romans 5:21)

The incurable, spreading disease of death was checked by the perfect obedience of Jesus (Romans 5:19). The One who could fully keep the Ten Commandments, and all the laws of the Torah. The Only One. The reign of sin has ended, the reign of grace has begun!

Psalm 15:1 – As we read in Chronicles about the temple, here we see the qualifications to abide in the temple!

  • Upright walk (Psalm 15:2)
  • Worketh righteousness (Psalm 15:2)
  • Speaks truth (Psalm 15:2)
  • No backbiting (Psalm 15:3)
  • No doing evil (Psalm 15:3)
  • No taking up a reproach (Psalm 15:3)
  • Not contemning the vile (Psalm 15:4)
  • Honoring God-fearers (Psalm 15:4)
  • Not breaking a vow (Psalm 15:4)
  • Not loaning at usury (Psalm 15:5)
  • Not taking bribes (Psalm 15:5)

As we’ve read in Romans and earlier in the Psalms – we can tell how many people meet these stringent requirements – none (Romans 3:23). Yet with the perfect obedience of Christ (Romans 5:19), we can!

Proverbs 19:18 – The way of transgressors is hard (Proverbs 13:15) – do what you can to get your son out of the hard way, even if he whines!

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Daily Encouragement

July 18 – How well did they guard the Temple Treasure?

July 18
1 Chronicles 26:12-27:34
Romans 4:13-5:5
Psalm 14:1-7
Proverbs 19:17

1 Chronicles 26:20 – Ahijah and others (Zetham and Joel 1 Chronicles 26:22, Shebuel 1 Chronicles 26:24, Shelomith 1 Chronicles 26:26) were appointed over the treasures of the house of God – those from David (1 Chronicles 26:26) and going back thru Saul to Samuel (1 Chronicles 26:28). What did those 500 years later think about the Treasures?

Yes David had dedicated silver and gold that Solomon placed in the finished Temple (1 Kings 7:51), but just five years after Solomon hands the crown to Rehoboam,

  1. the treasure is captured by Pharaoh Shishak (1 Kings 14:26). If they would have gone to the LORD first (Deuteronomy 20:1-4) they would not have had His house raided. Just a few decades later –
  2. Asa raids the gold and silver of the temple and pays off the Syrian King Ben-hadad (1 Kings 15:18). Four generations later –
  3. Jehoash does the same thing to a different Syrian King (Hazael, 2 Kings 12:18), and –
  4. Jehoash’s son Amaziah loses the treasure to the Northern Kingdom’s Jehoash (2 Kings 14:14). The treasures were given a few generations later by –
  5. Ahaz to the Assyrian Tiglath-pileser (2 Kings 16:8), then by –
  6. Hezekiah to the Assyrian Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:15), then finally taken by
  7. Nebuchadnezzar (2 Kings 24:13) to Babylon

Interestingly even though the treasures are raided seven times – we see that there are vessels of gold that Solomon had made at the time of Nebuchadnezzar (400 years later). Ellicott is surprised as well – assuming there were secret store-chambers, but it is my assumption that the heavy mandatory taxes for the nation/temple were used regularly to rebuild the treasures, according to the descriptions made. Possibly similar to refurbishing state Capitols every 50 years or so, the Levites were continually refabricating the treasures dedicated into the House of the LORD (a continual reminder of the cost of not trusting the LORD!).

1 Chronicles 27:6 – The Chronicler is recording the exploits of the many faithful. Not just the head coach (David), but those in his “starting lineup” (Benaiah)

1 Chronicles 27:7 – But Asahel was slain by Abner (2 Samuel 2:23)? JFB Commentary suggests “This officer having been slain at the very beginning of David’s reign [2Sa 2:23], his name was probably given to this division in honor of his memory, and his son was invested with the command.”

1 Chronicles 27:24 – The Census Intrigue continues – apparently Joab also started to count those twenty and under. JFB notes:

The census which David ordered did not extend to all the Israelites; for to contemplate such an enumeration would have been to attempt an impossibility (Ge 28:14), and besides would have been a daring offense to God. The limitation to a certain age was what had probably quieted David’s conscience as to the lawfulness of the measure, while its expediency was strongly pressed upon his mind by the army arrangements he had in view.

1 Chronicles 27:34 – Wisconsin publishes a similar document – a Blue Book – that contains the biographies and lists of the Governor’s Cabinet, and major officials.

Romans 4:21 – What God promises, He will perform! We can stand on those promises!

Romans 4:24 – The righteousness that was imputed to Abraham can also be imputed to us if we believe in Jesus, taking us from the wrath (Romans 4:15) to peace (Romans 5:1).

Psalm 14:7 – Yes, David himself looked forward to the Salvation that would come, especially knowing that all have gone away, none seek the LORD (Psalm 14:2-3).

Proverbs 19:17 – A lender will look to see the ability of the lendee to repay – the poor have no cosigner but the LORD who will repay your deeds.

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Daily Encouragement

July 17 – Meet Asaph “officially”!

July 17
1 Chronicles 24:1-26:11
Romans 4:1-12
Psalm 13:1-6
Proverbs 19:15-16

1 Chronicles 24:2 – Nadab and Abihu are mentioned in Chronicles 3 times, the first mention since Numbers 26:61. Interestingly Korah is also found in the genealogies of 1 Chronicles 6:37 (Korah’s son Ebiasaph apparently did not join his father’s company’s (Numbers 16:16) or his tents (Numbers 16:24, Numbers 16:27), or his demise (Numbers 16:32)). Uzzah (1 Chronicles 13:10) joins Nadab and Korah among those directly slain by the LORD, recorded by the Chronicler as a warning.

1 Chronicles 25:1 – This is the first time we’ve met Asaph in the chronological books, but we’ve read a dozen of his other writings: Asaph is the attributed author of Psalm 50 and Psalms 73-83. The Chronicler is showing the connection between the descendants of Asaph that came to rebuild Jerusalem (Ezra 2:41, Ezra 3:10/Nehemiah 7:44, Nehemiah 11:22, Nehemiah 12:45) 500 years after they served in Solomon’s Temple.

1 Chronicles 25:7-8 – Cunning – Benson says: “All that were cunning — Who were so skilful that they were able to teach others.” God used the skill they had developled, and what people may call “luck” – but is actually a Biblically proscribed method (as provided for by the LORD Leviticus 16:8, Numbers 26:55, Numbers 33:54, Numbers 34:13, Joshua 13:6, Joshua 14:2, 1 Samuel 14:41, Proverbs 16:33, and lets not forget Jonah 1:7!) God expects our best, He wants our best, and He has long lists to show His orderliness (and several examples as we saw of people who were killed for breaking His order!).

Romans 4:2 – Surely if anyone could have been saved by works it was Father Abraham! God must have been impressed with his goodness to have rewarded him as a father of many nations (Genesis 17:5), especially as he was recognized for even his future acts (Genesis 18:19)? Keep in mind that Abraham disobeyed God’s first command to him (Genesis 12:1) – because he didn’t leave his father’s house – his father took him (Genesis 11:31). In addition the time he was rewarded wasn’t for any past actions but actions he hadn’t done yet (Genesis 18:19). No Abraham had nothing to glory – he believed God (Galatians 3:6, James 2:23). In fact, Paul will go on to show that he had not even been circumcised yet! (Romans 4:10-17).

Romans 4:7 – Paul quotes David in Psalm 32:1-2 outlining the case for imputed righteousness. God makes us righteous not because of our works but in spite of our works. That is a blessing that causes David to shout for joy (Psalm 32:11)!

Psalm 13:5 – David rejoices in God’s salvation. This is not because of his works but of the mercy of the LORD! And again we see David rejoicing verbally, this time in song (Psalm 13:6).

Proverbs 19:16 – There is a teaching going around that because God didn’t warn Adam and Eve specifically about the flames of hell as motivation for obedience, either a) God isn’t fair, or b) hell was invented in the Dark Ages as a motivation for obedience. This false dichotomy is most often taught by the Jehovah’s Witnesses and those who want to disconnect the Old Testament and the New Testament (similar to Jehovah’s Witnesses, they deny that the Jesus Christ of the New Testament is One with the God of the Old Testament), but many others have hopped on this train (see the comments in David Kowalski’s article). However God’s motive in not fully expositing the doctrine of hell in Genesis 1 is not to trick us when He should be selling mere “fire insurance” – our life as a follower of the LORD is greater than just avoiding hellfire. Throughout the Bible we have a choice between following the commands of the LORD and enjoying His fellowship and blessing, or disobeying and suffering death and judgment (Genesis 2:17 to Adam and Eve – the tree of life vs the tree of death, Deuteronomy 30:19 to the Israelites the choice between life and death, blessings and curses, in Daniel 12:2 the option of everlasting life or everlasting contempt, Matthew 25:46 the result of eternal life or eternal punishment and again here in Proverbs 19:16).

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Daily Encouragement

July 16 – The Contentious Woman is a Constant Dripping

July 16
1 Chronicles 22:1-23:32
Romans 3:9-31
Psalm 12:1-8
Proverbs 19:13-14

1 Chronicles 22:5 – Of all the mistakes that David made, he never gave God less than his best. Look at the inventory in 1 Chronicles 22:14.

1 Chronicles 23:30 – Just because this isn’t your job doesn’t mean you’re prohibited from doing this.

Romans 3:10 – Paul borrows from Psalm 14. From David’s time to Paul’s time the truth was universal, no one is righteous. The sins are numerous: deceit (Romans 3:13), cursing (Romans 3:14), murder (Romans 3:15) – but it is summarized in a lesson from Proverbs – needing the Fear of the LORD. David recognized this characteristic as essential (2 Samuel 23:3). If you need a refresher on how you are guilty, let’s go to the law.

Romans 3:22 – Notice the contrast – Romans 3:22 – righteousness on all who believe, vs. Romans 3:20 – No flesh shall be justified. Romans 3:23 all have sinned, while in Romans 3:24 all could be justified.

Psalm 12:7 – Paul talked yesterday about the Jews as the guardians of the law. God used them as part of His process to preserve His Word forever.

Proverbs 19:13 – Forever Be Sure wrote a song based on this verse. Enjoy! (By the way – my wife is a Proverbs 19:14 woman!)

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Daily Encouragement

July 15 – Whitewashed David? Where was the Temple?

July 15
1 Chronicles 19:1-21:30
Romans 2:25-3:8
Psalm 11:1-7
Proverbs 19:10-12

1 Chronicles 19:19 – Why were the servants of Hadarezer put to the worse? Because of 1 Chronicles 19:13 – the battle was given to the LORD.

1 Chronicles 20:1 – Did the phrase “at the time that kings go out to battle” jump out at you? That was the warning phrase that something bad happened in 2 Samuel, the David and Bathsheba incident. 2 Samuel 11:1 matches 1 Chronicles 20:1, but 1 Chronicles 20:2 jumps ahead to 2 Samuel 12:30. Why is David “whitewashed” by the Chronicler? From Dr. Mark Shipp:

Related to this program of restoration is the idealizing of two of Israel’s leaders, David and Solomon, and also the idealizing of temple worship and organization based in their initiatives. Unlike Samuel and Kings, which show Israel’s rulers “warts and all,” David and especially Solomon are depicted almost without flaws. I think the reason for this depiction, and the reason they begin the book (after a series of genealogies), is because they are the examples of true and righteous kingship and examples of what it means to “seek the Lord.” If Israel will be restored in the post-exilic age it will be because they seek the Lord in worship, devotion, and faithfulness as David and Solomon did.

…I think the main importance of Chronicles for us is that the author of Chronicles held out the belief that God was not done with the covenant with David yet. The author was the flag-bearer for messianism in the post-exilic age, that is, that God would one day restore a son of David to the throne. Christians know who that son of David was, and they know what righteous kingship looks like. Part of the reason for the expectation of a Messiah in the New Testament era is because the author of Chronicles “paved the way” by focusing on God’s faithfulness to his promises to David and by his call to Judeans in the post-exilic era to seek the Lord. We would do well to pay attention to those themes today.

Pastor James W Knox gives a better answer in my opinion. As Psalm 103:12 states, David’s sins were forgiven. God remembered them no more!

1 Chronicles 21:7 – Why was God so angry with David for the census?  Deuteronomy 17:18 says that the King was to hand copy the entire law/Torah (Genesis – Deuteronomy). So David should have been very familiar with all of God’s commands in the Torah, all 613 of them. In Exodus 30:12 it was clearly stated that if you take a census, everyone had to pay a ransom to the LORD for his life to prevent a plague. The exact reasons are unclear even to commentators, but David should have known it was wrong to do it improperly. Similar to the carrying the Ark improperly cost Uzzah’s life (2 Samuel 6:7), and handling strange fire cost Nadab & Abihu’s life (Leviticus 10:2). Dexter Penwell notes:

Each person was to provide a half shekel silver coin of redemption (Exodus 30:12). In the Bible, silver represents blood. So those half shekel coins represented that each person being counted was redeemed by blood….(Exodus 30:12-16) states that if those redemption coins were not provided, then there would be a plague among the people. So, what happened was what was stated in Exodus. As a side note, the bases (sockets) for the boards of the holy place and the holy of holies were made from the original redemption coins.

1 Chronicles 21:30 – God used the sword of the angel to point David to the new spot for His House. No longer the altar at Gibeon, but the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite. Dr. Leen Ritmeyer has a great post on the location of this sacrifice:

Jewish tradition maintains that David’s altar was built (c. 980 BC) on the same place that Abraham had erected his altar in preparation for the sacrifice of Isaac, before God intervened. Based on the relationship between Herod’s Temple and the Rock inside the Dome of the Rock, the altar would have been located just east of the Dome of the Chain, as depicted in this photograph: https://www.ritmeyer.com/2014/10/27/the-temple-mount-in-jerusalem-during-the-jebusite-period/

While some claim that this was not on the “Temple Mount” but rather on the “City of David,” Dr. Leen Ritmeyer refutes that argument proposed by Dr. Ernest Martin and repeated by Bob Cornuke.

Romans 3:5 – Paul is re-orienting our thinking – to understand God we must first admit He is righteous, and of consequence, more righteous than us. (Romans 3:4).

Psalm 11:4 – The Psalmist notes the temple – and we think of the building that David tried to build. Yet the LORD cannot be contained on earth, or in heaven! (1 Kings 8:27). Yet even though he transcends the earth – he beholds the children of men.

Proverbs 19:11 – There are many offences that we could point to and make a stink about, yet it is our glory to pass over a wrong that someone has done to us. If we can forgive an action (intentional or unintentional) we are not just “the bigger man” – we have glory!

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Daily Encouragement

July 14 – Who is Tou of Hamath?

July 14
1 Chronicles 16:37-18:17
Romans 2:1-24
Psalm 10:16-18
Proverbs 19:8-9

1 Chronicles 16:41 – This is the equivalent of today’s Americans reading the Federalist papers – reading about how our nation was established. The Israelites, hundreds of years after David would read the Chronicler’s account as he told what happened back at the founding of Israel. This verse echoes Psalm 136:1 (which is echoed in every verse of the Psalm), that the mercy of the LORD wasn’t just way back with the founding fathers – it endureth for ever – therefore it endures today!

David telling his plans to build a house for the LORD

1 Chronicles 17:12 – 22 times in 1 Chronicles is the term “for ever” used. The Davidic Covenant was forever, and it humbled David (1 Chronicles 17:16).

1 Chronicles 18:4 – This verse repeats almost verbatim 2 Samuel 8:4, because this points back to the Torah (Deuteronomy 17:16), and is an echo of what Joshua did (Joshua 11:9) at the battle of the waters of Merom.

1 Chronicles 18:9 – Who is this Tou of Hamath? Amazingly Hamath is referenced 39 times in the Old Testament! Associates for Biblical Research report that the man Anatolian archaeologists know as King Taita may be the Tou ally of David:

And what of King Taita, now emerged from obscurity as a powerful monarch of the Early Iron Age, possibly even descended from the great Hittite kings of the Empire? If such a king ruled over a large territory, is there mention of him elsewhere in ancient documents? So far the answer appears to be in the negative, at least not yet, unless you include the Old Testament, which brings us back to the city of Hama. Taita may have well been a contemporary—a friend and ally—to King David himself. The author of 2 Samuel knew him as Toi, King of Hamath (2 Sam 8:9-10; Tou in 1 Chron 18-9-10). David’s military victories over Hadadezer, King of Zobah and his Aramaean allies prompted Toi to send his son Joram as an envoy bearing gifts to the Israelite conqueror. For Hadadezer was warring against Toi, so forging an alliance with David made strategic sense. But how does Taita become Toi6 (Hebrew תּﬠיּ)?

Romans 2:15 – Everyone has the law of God written in their hearts – their conscience tells them that some things are right and some things are wrong. Now consciences are not all agreed (1 Corinthians 8:7), and can be seared (1 Timothy 4:2), defiled (Titus 1:15), and evil (Hebrews 10:22), but we are all aware that there is a moral law.

Romans 2:21-23 – Paul reiterates that knowledge of the explicit revealed law (The Torah in general, and even just the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20) in particular) is not enough. Hearers are not justified, only doers are justified (Romans 2:13). Those who know the law and warn against stealing, adultery, idolatry – still commit these sins. Why? Paul, having shown the universality of the knowledge of right and wrong, will show that no matter our best attempts, we are all sinners.

Psalm 10:16 – We read earlier today about the Davidic Covenant of a king of Israel forever. Yet the LORD is King for ever. A thousand years after David – we will see these two declarations merge – the LORD becomes the son of David – to be King forever.

Proverbs 19:9 – This verse fits in with Paul’s warning that even those who preach against lying still lie. And Paul will show us that lying leads to death (Romans 6:23).

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Daily Encouragement

July 13 – The Fruits of Bad Theology

July 13
1 Chronicles 15:1-16:36
Romans 1:18-32
Psalm 10:1-15
Proverbs 19:6-7

1 Chronicles 15:2 – David realizes his sin that caused the death of Uzzah (see yesterday’s notes on 1 Chronicles 13:10), and gathers over 800 Levites to carry the Ark. Notice also that he recognizes the eternal mandate of the Levites to minister. Now that the Exiles have returned to the land, the Chronicler is reminding them that the deeds of David hundreds of years ago are as relevant today as they were then.

1 Chronicles 15:29 – What was David’s dancing and why did it bother Michal? From the Pulpit Commentary:

The word in both of those verses that represents the dancing, does correctly so represent, bet is a somewhat generic form, as it carries the idea of dancing in a circle. The reason of Michal “despising David in her heart” can only be found in the unreason and the irreligion of that heart itself. She was a type of not a few, who despise devotion, enthusiasm, and above all practical liberality and generosity, on the part of any individual of their own family, when these are shown to Christ and his Church, and when they think they may be a trifle the poorer for it, or when they feel that the liberality and devotion of another exposes their own “poverty” in both these respects.

1 Chronicles 16:7 – This Psalm David edited and placed in our Psalter, as Psalm 105. Notice the similarity between Psalm 105:1-15 to 1 Chronicles 16:8-22. The major difference is between 1 Chronicles 16:15:

15 Be ye mindful always of his covenant; the word which he commanded to a thousand generations;

and Psalm 105:8:

8He hath remembered his covenant for ever, the word which he commanded to a thousand generations.

In Psalm 105:8 as edited for the purposes of continual praise, they are reflecting on his effectively eternal covenant, whereas the Chronicler is emphasizing that in David’s first use of the Psalm, David is reminding the people to be mindful of this covenant. Similar to God’s gift of salvation, we have been given it, but we must also be mindful of it to work out our own salvation (Philippians 2:12).

1 Chronicles 16:26 – The Chronicler is emphasizing parts of Israel’s history that are important for the post-Exilic people to know – all gods are idols, but the LORD of Israel is greater because He is the Creator. It is His power as Creator that gives Him the authority over us.

Romans 1:18 – The false teaching today is that love is God. While God is love (1 John 4:8), God is wrathful in both the Old Testament and the New Testament. Who are these people that He is angry at? Keep reading.

Romans 1:21-22 – I’m writing today’s piece from Canada, where the largest Protestant denomination is debating allowing atheist ministers. This followed the election of a practicing homosexual who is married to another homosexual, ordained minister , as Moderator (head of the church). Paul said this is the result of bad theology (Romans 1:26-27).

Romans 1:29 – Speaking of fruits of bad theology, the United Church of Canada has opened the doors to accepting fornication since 1965 (p.226), and abortion in 1971 (p.227). Now they are struggling with whether or not to ordain atheists ministers. As Paul goes on to expound in Romans 6:23 – these sins will result in death, and yet there are those who not only do this, but approve of this in their formal church documents.

Psalm 10:11 – The United Church of Christ (US-based) published a devotional that says:

Atheists are wrong, but they could be on to something. Maybe God is gone. Absent. Absence is not the same thing as non-existence. When someone you love dies, you encounter the presence of their absence.

This is the same thinking as what David was struggling with – those who believe God is hiding and will not see what is going on. But David realizes that God has seen (Psalm 10:14), and will requite it, and will help!

Proverbs 19:6-7 – Solomon notices the problem that James will address a thousand years later in James 2:4 – partiality is the tendency of man. Though it is natural, it is still sin (James 2:9).

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Daily Encouragement

July 12 – The Just Shall Live by Faith!

July 12
1 Chronicles 12:19-14:17
Romans 1:1-17
Psalm 9:13-20
Proverbs 19:4-5

1 Chronicles 12:22 – Day by day the numbers grew. Daily faithfulness brings daily rewards.

1 Chronicles 13:1 – David’s leadership involved consulting with his captains. Having then presented his plan unto the people, it had universal acclaim (1 Chronicles 13:4). But he forgot that the Ark of God was not to be carried in a cart (1 Chronicles 13:7 – compare 1 Chronicles 15:15). And David skipped the part about multiplying wives (Deuteronomy 17:17) when he took more wives (1 Chronicles 14:3). But he did seek the LORD (1 Chronicles 14:10, 1 Chronicles 14:14).

1 Chronicles 13:10 –  Why was the LORD so angry at Uzzah that He killed him? Coudn’t God have prevented the oxen from stumbling? Even more troubling – the sin wasn’t solely Uzzah’s – it was David’s. David was obligated to read the entire law and hand copy it (Deuteronomy 17:18). In spite of that, David gave the orders to move it on an oxcart (1 Chronicles 13:6-7) and a bystander was killed for the act of disobedience even though he meant well. The LORD, given His control of the world, allowed / caused the oxen to stumble. Why? The LORD is a jealous and holy God (Exodus 34:14). As we know from the New Testament, the wages of even just one sin (James 2:10) is death (Romans 6:23), and so Uzzah died as a result of the sin of David. This is another example of substitutionary death in the Old Testament specifically with David. David’s sin with the Ark led to the death of Uzzah. David’s sin with Bathsheba led to the death of Uriah (2 Samuel 11:17), David & Bathsheba’s first son (2 Samuel 12:18). And then 70,000 men died (2 Samuel 24:15) for David’s census (2 Samuel 24:2) because it was done improperly (Exodus 30:12).

Substitutionary death is a big theme in the Bible. Paul teaches us in Romans 5:12 that one man’s sin caused many to die, but similarly (Romans 5:19) one man’s perfect obedience of all 613 laws of the Torah can bring eternal life (Romans 5:21) to all who believe.

It doesn’t seem “fair” to us but let us remember 1) God created morality – so it’s like arguing with Shakespeare what “Wherefore art thou Romeo?” really means; 2) God created us (Genesis 2:7) – so it’s like arguing with your artist neighbor who threw away a broken clay pot (Isaiah 45:9, Romans 9:21); 3) All men are sinners (Romans 3:23) and deserve death (Romans 6:23) and God has appointed that day (Hebrews 9:27); and finally 4) Uzzah should have known he was forbidden from touching the Ark (Numbers 4:15) – and if he didn’t know, his biblical illiteracy was fatal.

Romans 1:5 – Remember Paul’s preaching on the resurrection? Here is the basis of his message – the resurrection of Jesus Christ!

Romans 1:17 – In the early 1500s, a monk named Martin Luther made a discovery. From R C Sproul:

He says, “Here in it,” in the gospel, “the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith, as it is written, ‘the just shall live by faith.’” A verse taken from the book of Habakkuk in the Old Testament that is cited three times in the New Testament. As Luther would stop short and say, “What does this mean, that there’s this righteousness that is by faith, and from faith to faith? What does it mean that the righteous shall live by faith?” Which again as I said was the thematic verse for the whole exposition of the gospel that Paul sets forth here in the book of Romans. And so, the lights came on for Luther. And he began to understand that what Paul was speaking of here was a righteousness that God in His grace was making available to those who would receive it passively, not those who would achieve it actively, but that would receive it by faith, and by which a person could be reconciled to a holy and righteous God.

Psalm 9:14 – David rejoiced in the salvation of the LORD, delivering him from Saul, and the Philistines. Paul rejoiced in the salvation of the LORD, preserving him to be a testimony in Rome. Martin Luther discovered the salvation that came – not from becoming righteous but receiving the righteousness of God. Thank the LORD for His Salvation!

Proverbs 19:5 – Truth is your ultimate defense. Yes in the short run it may seem that lying may save you trouble – the parent without discernment who asks the two sons if they stole a candybar (both of them had), and the one son admits it and is punished, the other denies it, and is not punished. But even though in the short run telling the truth may seem costly, telling a lie is far more expensive.

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